A concerted industrial policy that has paid off
EDF reduced its CO2 emissions in France by more than two-thirds from 24 to 8.3 million tonnes between 1990 and 2016. In 2018, it delivered the figure of 7.5 million tonnes.
To achieve this result, EDF made changes to its production fleet. In particular, it closed 10 coal-fired plants as they emit high levels of CO2. While its production fleet still includes three such plants, they now only account for 1% of the amount of electricity generated in France. EDF supports a carbon floor price in France and Europe to help further limit the use of coal-fired plants.
This phase-out programme has been particularly active in the years 2012 to 2016 and saw the replacement of coal-fired plants with more modern gas-fired plants that emit less greenhouse gas. As a result, the Group was able to cut the CO2 emissions from its fleet of thermal power plants by more than one-third.
In the United Kingdom, EDF Energy still operates coal-fired plants that generate around 4 GW of electricity and which are crucial to ensuring the country’s balance between supply and demand. These power plants should be closed by 2025 following decisions by the UK government.
In 2015, the Group launched a strategic review of its assets outside France, with the intention of helping reduce their carbon emissions and optimising their operation. On the one hand, this concerned fossil fuel-fired electricity plants in continental Europe and, on the other hand, its fossil fuel production and trading not directly linked to its core business.
Discover the map of EDF Group's business in 2018: