Our energy mix

EDF, world leader in low-carbon electricity generation


As 91 %(1) of its electricity production does not emit any CO₂, the EDF Group can rightly claim that it is the champion of low-carbon growth.

In 2021, EDF Group’s specific carbon emissions delivered the figure of 48 g/kWh produced (vs 51 g/kWh in 2020). The Group’s carbon intensity is now 5 times lower than the European utilities average.(2)

Consolidated data at 31/12/2021.
(1) Source: EDF Group's URD 2021 - page 6
(2) Direct CO₂ emissions related to production, excluding life-cycle assessment (LCA) of production means and fuel. Source EDF Group's URD 2021 - page 15

In France

In France, the electricity produced by EDF is more than 97%(1) CO₂ free, thanks to nuclear power and renewable energies.

In 2021, EDF’s specific carbon emissions in France delivered the figure of 16 g/kWh(2) produced (vs 13 g/kWh in 2020), 14 times less than the European average for the sector(3).

Consolidated data at 31/12/2021.
(1) 97.1% in 2021 on EDF Limited Company perimeter / Source: EDF
(2) Direct CO₂ emissions related to production, excluding life-cycle assessment (LCA) of production means and fuel.
(3) Estimation 2020, EU-27, European Environment Agency, Greenhouse gas emission intensity of electricity generation by country, Oct. 2021

The energy sources in our mix

Nuclear energy

Clean, safe and competitive, nuclear power represents 86.8% of electricity produced by EDF in France. It underpins the French energy mix and ensures the country’s energy independence.

Learn more about nuclear energy

Renewable energies

While relying on its nuclear base, EDF is counting on the growth of renewable energy sources (hydroelectric, solar, wind, etc.), whose capacity will increase by more than 70% between 2021 and 2030 to reach 60 GW net.

Learn more about renewable energies

Genuine commitments to preserve the planet

Reducing CO₂ emissions further

An ambitious trajectory of decrease in the carbon emissions guaranteeing to reach 25 MtCO₂ respect to the direct emissions of the Group by 2030.

Obs'COP 2022

Climate and Public Opinions International Observatory

Engagement, concern or indifference: in 2022, where do the citizens of 30 countries stand on climate change?

EDF, committed to protecting biodiversity for 40 years

EDF is committed to moving beyond a defensive approach to biodiversity, focused solely on reducing the impact of its activities on ecosystems.