Net zero CO₂ emissions by 2050
As the world's leading power producer with no direct CO₂(1), emissions, as early as in 2018 EDF set a target of achieving carbon neutrality by 2050. In 2020, the Group set itself on a trajectory to reduce all its emissions (scope 1, 2 and 3) by 2030, approved by the SBTi(2) on a "Well Below 2°C" pathway, and committed to a climate transition plan approved by 99.87% at its Annual General Assembly in 2022(3) .
Direct CO₂ emissions to be reduced in the short and medium terms
After reducing direct CO₂ emissions by 50% between 2017 and 2022(4), the Group has set new targets for 2025, 2030 and 2035, with an ambitious short- and medium-term roadmap for decarbonising its electricity mix:
- By 2025, a 60% reduction in Scope 1 emissions compared to 2017.
- By 2030, a 70% reduction in scope 1 and a carbon intensity of 30 gCO₂/kWh.
- By 2035, an 80% reduction in scope 1 and a carbon intensity of 22 gCO₂/kWh.
As a priority, EDF Group's efforts will focus on effectively reducing all its CO₂ emissions (including scope 3 emissions, which in 2022 accounted for almost 80% of the Group's greenhouse gases) with the aim of reducing them by at least 90% by 2050.
(compared to 2017)
|Carbon intensity of electricity and heat production (gCO₂/kWh)||30 g||22 g|
Scope 3 and scope 3 – gas sales
(compared to 2019)
EDF Group CO₂ emissions
- 55 gCO₂/kWh in 2019
- 51 gCO₂/kWh in 2020
- 48 gCO₂/kWh in 2021
- 50 gCO₂/kWh in 2022
- 39 gCO₂/kWh at the end of September 2023
- 35 gCO₂/kWh - 2030 Target
EDF group's CO₂* emissions are well below those of other electricity producers and follow a downtrend. After passing under the 100 gCO₂/kWh mark in 2015, EDF Group’s specific carbon emissions delivered the figure of 39 g/KWh at the end of September 2023. The Group’s carbon intensity is more than 6 times lower than the European average (251 gCO₂/kWh)(1) and more than 10 times lower than the sector’s average worldwide (460 gCO₂/kWh)(2).
The light increase in carbon intensity between 2021 and 2022 is mainly related to the decrease in the EDF Group CO₂*-free production (decrease of more than 88 TWh), in particular of its nuclear production.
EDF CO₂ emissions in France
- 13 gCO₂/kWh in2019
- 10 gCO₂/kWh in 2020
- 14 gCO₂/kWh in 2021
- 17 gCO₂/kWh in 2022
In mainland France, the EDF production mix remains very low with a carbon intensity of 17 g CO₂/kWh, that is 16 times less than the European average for the sector(3).
A concerted industrial policy that has paid off
EDF reduced its CO₂* emissions in France by more than two-thirds from 24 Mt to 7 Mt between 1990 and 2016. In 2022, it delivered the figure of 5.3 MtCO₂*.
Reduction of EDF CO₂ emissions in France beetween 1990 and 2022
The Group achieves its commitments decommissioning power plants producing electricity from plants.
For about twenty years, the Group has been implementing and supporting the decommissioning of the largest number of coal and heavy fuel plants in Europe. From 2017, the Group was involved in the Powering Past Coal Alliance coalition which recommends within the framework of the Paris Agreement the phasing out of coal, from 2030, in the countries.
In 2021, Le Havre power plant in France and two plants of the West Burton A power plant in the United-Kingdom had been decommissioned. The other two units at West Burton A will be closed in 2023.
A unique mix of nuclear and renewable energy
EDF Group has the foremost hydropower capacity in the European Union. It is also one of Europe’s leading producers of electricity and heat from renewable sources.
It is highly committed to developing renewable energy, notably wind, solar and hydropower, backed by its nuclear plants as the main source of power. By 2030, the Group aims at increasing its renewable capacity production worldwide by more than 70% to reach GW net.
In France, to support the development of wind and solar power and manage their variability, EDF has been working on making the operation of its nuclear power plants more flexible. As a result, it is now possible to rapidly increase production at some nuclear power plants to offset a drop in wind or solar output; or, conversely, rapidly drop nuclear production when wind and solar production ramp up. Today, the reactors in EDF’s nuclear fleet can modulate around 80% of their power in under 30 minutes. This capability is not found anywhere else in the world.
To go further
Greenhouse Gas Emissions
An ambitious carbon emissions reduction path ensuring reaching 25 MtCO₂e for the Group's direct emissions in 2030.
EDF is a reference issuer in the Green Bond market: since November 2013, it has issued the equivalent of around €8.75bn in Green Bonds to support its development in renewable energy sources.