Net zero emissions by 2050

As the world's leading power producer with no direct CO₂(1), emissions, as early as in 2018, EDF set a target of achieving carbon neutrality by 2050. The Group set itself on a trajectory to reduce all its emissions (scope 1, 2 and 3) by 2035 and to a climate transition plan approved by 99.87% at its Annual General Assembly in 2022(2) .

Direct CO₂ emissions to be reduced in the short and medium terms

After reducing direct CO₂ emissions by 50% between 2017 and 2022(3), the Group has set new targets for 2025, 2030 and 2035, with an ambitious short- and medium-term roadmap for decarbonising its electricity mix:

  • By 2025, a 60% reduction in Scope 1 emissions compared to 2017.
  • By 2030, a 70% reduction in scope 1 and a carbon intensity of 30 gCO₂/kWh.
  • By 2035, an 80% reduction in scope 1 and a carbon intensity of 22 gCO₂/kWh.

As a priority, EDF Group's efforts will focus on effectively reducing all its CO₂ emissions (including scope 3 emissions, which in 2022 accounted for almost 80% of the Group's greenhouse gases) with the aim of reducing them by at least 90% by 2050.

  2025 2030 2035

by 2050

Scope 1
(compared to 2017)
51.3 MtCO₂e in 2017
20 MtCO₂e
15.5 MtCO₂e
10.5 MtCO₂e
  • Reduction of all CO₂ emissions (scope 1, 2,3) at least 90% by 2050 (scope 1 zero or almost zero)
  • Residual emissions neutralized by high environmental quality carbon contribution projects
Carbon intensity of electricity and heat production (gCO₂/kWh)   30 g 22 g
Total scope 3 and scope 3 – gas sales
(compared to 2019)

In 2020, EDF Group's strengthened trajectory of CO₂ emissions reduction were approved by Science Based Targets SBTi(4) on a "Well Below 2°C" pathway.

In February 2024, EDF group's emission reduction targets were validated by Moody's (scope of EDF Ltd) as being in line with a + 1.5°C global warming scenario (consult the score).

In 2024, MSCI issued an assessment of 1.3°C implied temperature rise to EDF for the scope of EDF Ltd. An Implied Temperature Rise of below 1.5°C indicates that Électricité de France is in line with the Paris agreement's maximal goal of keeping global mean temperature to 1.5°C.(5)

In 2024, TPI has validated EDF's emissions trajectory in line with the + 1.5°C global warming scenario for 2035 (consult the score).

(1) Source: ENERDATA 2022 [PDF, 118 kb].   
(2) Read the press release of May 22, 2022.
(3) In 2017, EDF Group’s direct CO₂ emissions amounted to 51 Mt vs. 24 Mt in 2022.
(4) Science Based Targets is a joint initiative from CDP, UN Global Compact, World Ressources Institute et World Wild Fund launched following the Paris Agreement in 2015. Read the Press release about 2020 commitments. 
(5) Reproduced by permission of MSCI ESG Research LLC ©2024. All rights reserved. No further reproduction or dissemination is permitted. See Notice and Disclaimer for Reporting Licenses.

Graphic: EDF Group CO2 emissions - Details down below


EDF group's CO₂* emissions are well below those of other electricity producers and follow a downtrend. After passing under the 100 gCO₂/kWh mark in 2015, EDF Group’s specific carbon emissions delivered the figure of 37 g/KWh in 2023. The Group’s carbon intensity is more than 6 times lower than the European average (251 gCO₂/kWh)(1) and more than 10 times lower than the sector’s average worldwide (460 gCO₂/kWh)(2).

The light increase in carbon intensity between 2021 and 2022 is mainly related to the decrease in the EDF Group CO₂*-free production (decrease of more than 88 TWh), in particular of its nuclear production.

Graphic: EDF CO2 emissions in France - Details down below

In mainland France

In mainland France, thanks to a generation mix that is largely carbon-free, EDF carbon intensity is very low, with 17 g CO₂/kWh, that is 16 times less than the European average for the sector(3).

* Direct emissions excluding the life cycle analysis of generating plant and fuel. 
(1) UE 27 value in 2022, European Environment Agency 
(2) 2022 value, AIE – World Energy Outlook 2023. 
(3) Estimation 2021, EU-27, European Environment Agency, Greenhouse gas emission intensity of electricity generation by country, Oct. 2022.

A concerted industrial policy that has paid off

EDF reduced its CO₂* emissions in mainland France by more than two-thirds from 24 Mt to 7 Mt between 1990 and 2016. In 2022, it delivered the figure of 5.3 MtCO₂*.

Graphic: Reduction of EDF CO2 emissions in Mainland France - Details down below

The Group achieves its commitments decommissioning power plants producing electricity from plants.

For about twenty years, the Group has been implementing and supporting the decommissioning of the largest number of coal and heavy fuel plants in Europe. From 2017, the Group was involved in the Powering Past Coal Alliance coalition which recommends within the framework of the Paris Agreement the phasing out of coal, from 2030, in the countries.

In 2021, Le Havre power plant in France and two plants of the West Burton A power plant in the United-Kingdom had been decommissioned. The last two units at West Burton A were closed in 2023.

* Direct emissions excluding the life cycle analysis of generating plant and fuel.

A unique mix of nuclear and renewable energy

EDF Group has the foremost hydropower capacity in the European Union. It is also one of Europe’s leading producers of electricity and heat from renewable sources.

It is highly committed to developing renewable energy, notably wind, solar and hydropower, backed by its nuclear plants as the main source of power. By 2030, the Group aims at increasing its renewable capacity production worldwide by more than 70% to reach GW net.

In France, to support the development of wind and solar power and manage their variability, EDF has been working on making the operation of its nuclear power plants more flexible. As a result, it is now possible to rapidly increase production at some nuclear power plants to offset a drop in wind or solar output; or, conversely, rapidly drop nuclear production when wind and solar production ramp up. Today, the reactors in EDF’s nuclear fleet can modulate around 80% of their power in under 30 minutes. This capability is not found anywhere else in the world.

To go further

Centrale de Cruas Meysse

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

An ambitious carbon emissions reduction path ensuring reaching 15.5 MtCO₂e for the Group's direct emissions in 2030.

Ferme solaire aux Etats-Unis

Green Bonds

EDF is a reference issuer in the Green Bond market: since November 2013, it has issued the equivalent of around €8.75bn in Green Bonds to support its development in renewable energy sources.