2020 Group Half-Year Results
Group Half-Year Results presentation - 30 july 2020
Biomass is the second largest source of renewable energy in the world. The combustion of organic plant or animal matter has a calorific value that can be harnessed to produce heat or electricity. Through three of its subsidiaries EDF is involved in this segment, which provides a solution to the problem of how to manage municipal and farm waste.
The word “biomass” encompasses a very broad range of materials: wood, wood processing industry waste, farm waste (straw, liquid manure, etc.), the fermentable fraction of household waste and food & beverage industry waste, landfill biogas, and the by-products from anaerobic digestion (liquor, treatment sludge, solid residue, etc.).
This organic matter is recovered through thermal processes (pyrolysis, gasification and direct combustion) or biochemical processes (anaerobic digestion) to produce energy. Municipal and farm waste can thus be used as infeed for thermal power plants or electricity generators. Two categories of biomass are used in this instance:
In Europe, wood processing industries (mainly paper mills) supply the raw material used to produce heat and electricity in cogeneration plants.
In France’s overseas administrative departments, the bagasse from sugarcane processing is mainly used to generate electricity.
Biomass is used by three EDF Group subsidiaries to produce electricity and/or heat: