Preventing climate change: EDF, a leading electricity supplier
Electricity generation accounts for almost 38% of international CO2 emissions from the energy industry. This means that EDF has a de facto responsibility that it has included in its low-carbon strategy. With its low-carbon energy mix, EDF is one of the European energy providers with the lowest CO2 emissions.
Low-carbon electricity to prevent climate change
In 2015, EDF produced 59 million tonnes of CO2, 6.7 million of which were produced in France. With regard to the amount of energy it produces, EDF is nevertheless one of the European electricity providers with the lowest carbon emissions, having a carbon factor of 95 g of CO2 per kWh produced.
In France, EDF’s carbon factor was 15 g per kWh in 2015.
In France, with its mainly nuclear and hydroelectric generation mix, EDF produces electricity with a carbon content 20 times lower than the European average, and 30 times lower than the world
Emissions fromthe production of electricityand heat(in g/kWh)
Direct CO2 emissions, excluding life cycle analysis of generating resources and fuels
The Group’s performance is owed to the low-carbon composition of its energy mix, and its industrial strategy that sets out to simultaneously:
Maintain the performance of the Group’s nuclear facilities in France and the UK
Optimise and develop the hydropower generation capacity
Improve performance of fossil-fired facilities and reduce its CO2 emissions , energy-saving improvements to buildings, and the optimisation of public lighting
This means that EDF provides its customers with low-carbon energy and appropriate energy solutions, especially for the urban areas and regions that it supports in their local energy plans. This support comes in various forms, including electric mobility, energy-saving improvements to buildings, and the optimisation of public lighting
Renewable energy : EDF Group aims to double its global installed capacity by 2030, taking it from 28 GW to over 50 GW
Adapting to climate change
EDF’s generation and distribution facilities are affected by the consequences of climate change:
Rising temperatures: an impact on water, used to cool our nuclear power plants
Changing river levels, changes to rainfall in France, melting glaciers: impact on the water used to generate hydropower
Rising sea levels: impact on power plants in coastal or riverside locations
Storms and floods: impact on transmission and distribution networks
Ice thawing in France (in French)
To protect its facilities from these risks, EDF has developed a strategy to adapt to climate change, built upon four main principles:
Adapting existing facilities by, for example, investing €400 million by 2019 to improve the efficiency of nuclear power plants in hot weather
Designing new facilities that take the predicted consequences of climate change into account: in Flamanville, the EPR is being built 4 metres above the maximum predicted height that rising sea levels would reach
Maintaining our facilities’ ability to withstand and recover quickly from extreme weather events. Planning crisis management with in particular the creation of an Electricity Rapid Response Force (FIRE) and the Nuclear Rapid Response Force.
Involving R&D by, for example, launching a programme to monitor temperature and river levels where EDF facilities are located