For EDF, electrolytic hydrogen will help to decarbonise both the economy and regions
Hydrogen produced through electrolysis can contribute to the decarbonisation of the two sectors of the economy that emit the most CO2, namely industry and mobility.
Hydrogen is both an energy form and a fuel, and is also a raw material for several industries, such as agri-food, glass, metallurgy, etc.
Today, about 95% of hydrogen is manufactured from fossil fuels. The process is therefore very high in CO2 emissions: to produce 1 kg of hydrogen, 10 kg of CO2 is emitted. However, there is a way to produce hydrogen with no CO2 emissions, namely electrolysis, provided that the electricity used in the process is itself decarbonised! This is the case for 95% of the electricity produced in France by EDF.
By replacing hydrogen produced from fossil fuels with electrolytic hydrogen, France’s total CO2 emissions would be reduced by 1%!
Tomorrow, hydrogen could contribute to the decarbonisation of:
- Transport (which represents 20% of current CO2 emissions) and in particular heavy transport (diesel trains, buses, inland waterway transport, refuse collection vehicles, etc.);
- Industry, by making new processes possible (for example, the replacement of blast furnaces by direct reduction furnaces).